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White’s Tree Frogs
The White ’ s tree frog ( Litoria caerulea ), or dumpy tree frog, is native to Australia and New Guinea. The White ’ s tree frog inherited its diagnose from naturalist John White, who first gear described this species in 1790. flush wild White ’ s tree frogs are docile, and much be near homo dwellings, eating insects drawn by the light. Larger than most australian frogs, the White ’ s tree frog can grow to 4 inches in distance. The average life of this frog in captivity is approximately 16 years .
White ’ s tree frogs can range from blue to green to brown in color, and can change their imbue depending on temperature, humidity, environmental surroundings, or level of excitement. Some specimens even exhibit belittled white dots along their back and head. ascribable to its physical and behavioral traits, the White ’ s tree frog has become one of the most recognizable frogs, and is a democratic alien pet throughout the world .
housing : A single adult White ’ s corner frog can live in a 10 gallon glass tank or larger. Multiple adults will need at least a 30 gallon glass tank. White ’ mho corner frogs love to climb, thus vertical quad is better than horizontal space. The four main components of the batting cage apparatus are substrate, perches, hiding areas, and a water dish. There are a count of substrate options available for frogs, such as coconut husk fiber ( Bed-A-Beast, Eco-Earth, etc ), sphagnum moss, or damp newspaper towels. Any bed should be cleaned regularly to prevent buildup of mildew. Gravel, sand, modest pieces of bark and Repti Carpet should be avoided, because they can either be swallowed or irritate the frog ’ mho skin. White ’ second tree frogs are arboreal, and should be provided with multiple perches and hiding places high up in the cage ’ mho “ canopy ”. Driftwood, cork bark, and bamboo poles can be positioned at angles to allow the frog use of all batting cage space. Hiding places should be constructed higher up in the cage as opposed to ground level, to prevent elongated contact with any potential fungus or bacteria present in the bedclothes. If your frog is frequently hiding on the ground, then the hides you have provided higher astir need to be reconstructed to better suit your frog ’ mho sense of security. Arboreal hides can be ampere simple as a while of bob bark leaned up against a wall, a leaf draped over a perch, or a crack made between any of the cage ornaments .
heating : White ’ s tree frogs are tolerant of a wide scope of temperatures, making them an excellent favored frog for beginners. The ideal temperature during the day should range between 75F-85F, with a basking area of no more than 90F. At night, the temperature can safely drop 10 degrees. A 12 hour day/12 hour night cycle should be followed. A ceramic heat emitter can be positioned above the cage at all times to provide heat confirm. Blue or red bulb should be turned off at nox to provide dependable dark for these nocturnal creatures – despite what promotion may claim, infrared light is well perceived by frogs and can be harmful to their natural behavior over time. hot rocks should be avoided. Frogs should never come into conduct touch with any heat component. It is important to purchase a temperature gun, or digital thermometers that possess probes, for accurate temperature readings. Plastic dial thermometers, or any thermometer with a fix placement, are often undependable and do not adequately gauge thermal gradients inside integral enclosures. A 2.0 UVB bulb should besides be provided during the day to help in normal calcium metabolism .
humidity : humidity levels can range from 30%-70% in unlike areas of the cage. A light up mist every few days can help ensure that there is constantly a humid sphere for the frog to go to. White ’ s tree frogs do not tolerate soggy, stagnant conditions, so make certain that the cage is not sprayed excessively heavily and that adequate breathing is provided. Substrate should be damp adequate to clump together when squeezed into a handful, but not so wet that water drips out when doing so .
A body of water stadium that is constantly available and clean daily is of utmost importance to this species. A few warm days without a water dish can lead to a crisp, dried up frog, and patronize soaks in dirty water can result in nasty infections, which frogs are doubly susceptible to due to the permeability of their skin. Be certain to use chlorine- and chloramines-free water such as bottle form water, charcoal-filtered wiretap body of water, or tap water that has been aerated for at least 48 hours .
White ’ s tree frogs typically display a enormous appetite. They will eagerly accept crickets, earth worms, wax worms, mealworms, silkworms, slugs, moths, and cockroaches. All insects should be gut loaded for at least 24-48 hours prior to being fed to your frog ( for more data, see our “ You Are What You Eat ” caresheet ). Pinkie mouse as a food item are not required or recommended ascribable to the hazard of fleshiness .
Adult frogs can be fed 3-4 large crickets or similarly sized insect 2-3 times weekly. Juvenile frogs should be fed on a daily basis, but in smaller quantities. Obesity is a common problem in captive White ’ s tree frogs, but can be avoided by not feeding excessively much or besides much .
Adult frogs should have their food coated with reptile calcium powder once every other prey, and a reptile multivitamin should be used on the food once weekly. Juveniles should have their food supplemented with calcium each feed, and vitamins once weekly.
While White ’ s tree frogs are docile, excessively much handling can be damaging to the skin of most amphibians because of the oils on our hands. Be certain to only handle White ’ s tree frogs with gloved hands. White ’ mho tree frogs can be edgy, so be sure to constantly place one hand in battlefront of their grimace in case they feel the want to leap. Always wash your hands after handling frogs, as the secretions from their clamber can be irritating to our eyes and mouths .
Common Medical Issues
Bacterial Infection : Frogs are regularly exposed to bacteria, but typically the bacteria is fought off by the immune system. If the frog ’ sulfur soundbox is stressed and the immune system is depressed, bacteria can invade. nerve-racking conditions such as dirty body of water, improper temperatures, and overcrowding can depress a frog ’ s immune arrangement. Signs of bacterial infection are varied, but can include personnel casualty of appetite, cloudy eyes, red on the belly and thighs, and frequent desquamation of skin. A peculiarly deadly infection, known as Red Leg Disease, is caused by the bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila. It appears as a benighted blush of the skin, peculiarly on the belly and bottom of the thighs. Frogs that get this disease tend to act apathetic and lazy. If caught in its early stages, Red Leg Disease can sometimes be treated by a qualify veterinarian .
impaction : Because of their impregnable prey response, White ’ s corner frogs can occasionally swallow items which are non-digestible, such as perplex or chunks of bark. This alien torso can cause impaction in the gut, which can lead to stultification, loss of appetite, and possibly death if not treated .
fleshiness : For their size, pornographic White ’ s tree frogs require relatively little food to maintain healthy weights. many owners will feed adults on the like schedule of a juvenile, but most of the food that adult White ’ s tree frogs consume is converted to fat quite than bone or muscle. Adults should be fed no more than once a workweek, and fatty food items such as waxworms should be fed meagerly .
March 30, 2015
Content of this Care Sheet Courtesy of:
The Center for Bird and Exotic Animal Medicine
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11401 NE 195th St. Bothell, WA 98011
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