Iteroparity

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Living reference work entry

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Synonyms

Definition

A reproductive strategy characterized by multiple reproductive cycles over the course of a lifetime.

Introduction

The term iteroparity refers to a reproductive strategy characterized by multiple reproductive cycles over the course of a lifetime and contrasts with semelparity (see “Semelparity ”). The iteroparous and semelparous reproductive strategies received special attention in the study of reproductive strategies of species (e.g., Cole 1954; Charnov and Schaffer 1973; Stearns 1976). Both reproductive strategies are experienced in the plant and animal kingdoms. Humans (Homo sapiens) are an example of iteroparous species – humans are biologically capable of having several offspring during their lives. Iteroparous vertebrates include birds, reptiles, fishes, and mammals (Angelini and Ghiara 1984). Among invertebrates, most Mollusca and insects (e.g., cockroaches and mosquitoes) present an iteroparous reproductive strategy (e.g., Fritz et al. 1982). Most…

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Keywords

Optimal Reproductive Strategy Infantile Mortality Iteroparous Species Reproducible Occurrence Semelparous Species 

These keywords were added by machine and not by the writers. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Angelini, F., & Ghiara, G. (1984). Reproductive modes and strategies in vertebrate evolution. Italian Journal of Zoology, 51, 121–203.Google Scholar

  2. Charnov, E. L., & Schaffer, W. M. (1973). Life-history consequences of natural selection: Cole’s result revisited. The American Naturalist, 107, 791–793.CrossRef Google Scholar

  3. Cole, L. C. (1954). The population consequences of life history phenomena. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 29, 103–137.CrossRef Google Scholar

  4. Fox, C. W., & Rauter, C. M. (2003). Bet-hedging and the evolution of multiple mating. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 5, two73–286.Google Scholar

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  5. Fritz, R. S., Stamp, N. E., & Halverson, T. G. (1982). Iteroparity and semelparity in insects. The American Naturalist, 120, 264–268.CrossRef Google Scholar

  6. Jones, J. H. (2009). The force of range on the human life cycle. Evolution and Human Behavior, 30, 305–314.CrossRef Google Scholar

  7. Roff, D. (1993). Evolution of life histories: Theory and analysis. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.Google Scholar

  8. Stearns, S. C. (1976). Life-history tactics: A review of the ideas. Quarterly Review of Biology, 51, 3–47.CrossRef Google Scholar

  9. Watkinson, A. R., & White, J. (1986). Some life-history consequences of modular construction in plants. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, three13, three1–51.CrossRef Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joseph A Camilleri
    • 1
  1. 1.Westfield State UniversityWestfieldUSA

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