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prolapse in laying hens is one, among the common diseases affecting laying wimp in the domestic fowl grow that give business to the domestic fowl farmers or so call domestic fowl keepers.

By definition, prolapse is a slipping forward or down of a character or organ of the body, this definition if according to oxford university dictionary. now that we talking about laying chicken the organ here is the eggs, so the improper position of eggs in laying chickens are term prolapse .
During the process of laying egg, the lower part of the chicken ’ south ( layer ( s ) ) generative traverse is temporarily turn inside out which lets the hen lay a very houseclean egg. Sometimes the weave does not retract after the egg has been laid and this condition is referred to as a prolapse.
Prolapse during product is normally related to poor skeleton development during raising, even if soundbox burden during production is at prey. In future, try to achieve amphetamine limit of target weight from 4 to 8 weeks of age.
Prolapse ( pickout ) is the turning inside out of the fallopian tube and rectal organs through the vent, to the extent of not retracting back. Its occurrence may results in death. Its discovery in time will assist in the shift of the organs back to their normal status using the hand .
What Causes Prolapse in chicken ?
Following is a drumhead of conditions where prolapse related problems are most likely to occur .
1. Overweight or scraggy birds : Overweight birds are more susceptible to prolapse as a leave of general muscleman helplessness and larger eggs laying leaning. besides much deposition of fatness around generative organs exposes birds to prolapse .
2.Unbalanced fertilize rations : Insufficient calcium in the diet will bring challenges with shell geological formation but can besides lead to muscle tone .
3.Reproductive age of the batch of birds : prolapse occurs probably at the top out of birds ’ production and period of peak egg mass, as a resultant role of big demand placed on the birds ’ metabolism .
4.Double-yolked eggs laying : The excessive size of these eggs will stretch and possibly weaken cloacal muscles .
5. high gear fall volume : Under high light volume conditions, birds are more probably to see and be attracted to the everted fallopian tube and frankincense nag occurs and cause damage.
apart from this
the problem of fallopian tube prolapse in layer originated or start from growing and development stage, when the chicken/layer pelvic gardle is not well developed at rearing stage it results in prolapse, at times if the energy level in the feed is eminent more than required energy in feed, which results in high carbohydrate, it will cause prolapse in layer. high Fat capacity in feed will result in prolapse because, the accumulation of fat in the wimp abdominal region will narrow the egg passage and in the serve of birds straining to push the egg out, it will results in prolapse. excess Minerals/vitamins should be avoided to layers except before or after vaccination as antistress.
How to Prevent Prolapse in Chickens ? —
The key to preventing prolapse is good management ; and if good management is promptly applied, the effect of prolapse will be minimized, particularly when syndrome begins to appear.
major share of death recorded during the incidence of pickout/prolapse as ascribed to prolapse is not true.
The death is as a result of cannibalism among pullets through picking/pecking at the slightly turn back vent of another pullet when lay, till she loses blood or when the intestines have been damaged .
The sign observed during prolapse problem is the presence of blood-streaked eggs. As stated above, careful and serious management will reduce the rate of prolapse a well as most early health problems in the flock.
Isolation of feign birds should be done if possible to prevent foster damage.
Note the follow :
1.Photostimulation should occur when the birds reach the slant and age recommended by the breeder.
2. Balanced feed rations are required to sustain testis production and maintain body weight unit at recommend levels.
3. see that light volume in the pen house is at the breeder recommended level. Look into reducing the light saturation by covering windows, or replacing bulbs with lower watt bulb.
If the flock is laying a batch ( more than 4 % ) double-yolked eggs, gently restrict tip inhalation.
4. Birds should be watched to observe vent-pecking demeanor, and isolate such from the flock.
5. Pray the prolapse vent with medicate spray such as oxytetravet spray .
. The follow tips may help to reduce losses in this flock.
1. Do not exceed 16 hours ignite duration ( better 15 hours ). besides reduce light intensity ( utmost 40 lux in open theater, 20-30 lux in environment master house ).
2. Adjust ME in feed to lower limit of recommendations.
3. supplement Vitamin C @ 1 g/l drink water system in dawn hours.

Steps 1 and 2 may slightly decrease egg produciton and egg size BUT you have to opt mortality or reduce production. Adopt these measures until 28 weeks of old age.
Thereafter resume normal practices.
several management problems in the rear or lay of hens can be involved :
Hens being fleshy .
Starting to increase the number of hours of light per sidereal day ( photostimulation ) before the pullet has reached the correct slant .
Feeding unbalanced diets .
Providing the hens with high-intensity light .
Hens that lay big double-yolked eggs are more prone to prolapse. Prolapse is besides likely to occur at vertex production.
There is no effective treatment for prolapse. prevention is the best method of manipulate .
merely photostimulate your pullets when they have reached the right torso weight and senesce. This will vary from breed to breed but is typically about 17 weeks of senesce .
Feed only balanced feed rations specifically formulated for pullets and then layers .
Do not use high-intensity light. Chickens are more medium to light up than humans, and excessive luminosity can result in aggressive behavior .
If your flock is laying more than one double-yolked egg per 25 hens per day, reduce their daily feed consumption slightly .

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Category : BIRDS