How to Clean Wood for Bearded Dragons from Outdoors

Here are 3 different methods on how to clean wood for bearded dragons for parasites and pathogens, especially branches and rocks from the outdoors. These cleaning methods can also be applied to branches and rocks that already exist in your bearded dragons tank as well :
1. Soaking in water
2. Disinfecting with chemicals
3. Treating by baking
4. Treating with cold

1. Killing parasites by soaking

If your reptile presently has a parasite trouble or you have sourced some branches and rocks from the outdoors and need to ensure there are no parasites, then start with soaking the items in water .
For soaking a bath tub works well however you may be limited in how long the branches and rocks can be soaked for if you have a busy family.

Use hot water. Hot water will help to kill some of the easier to eradicate parasites .
Immerse the items in hot water for angstrom long as potential. How long will depend on how holey the wood or rocks are. Keep them in the hot body of water for at least ampere long as it takes for the water to cool down. Keep the stallion wood submerged, don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate let it float. You want to ensure that no pockets for air are available within the wood for parasites to hide and survive in .
Mites can be killed at 55ºC ( 131°F ) ( Klingenberg, 2007 ). Chances are that the water from your tap is hotter than this, however you will need to check with a thermometer .
Mites are dependable survivalists. If there are any air bubbles or pockets they can hide in until the drenching is over, they will find it. Make surely the branches and rocks are wholly submerged, turning at times to fill any air pockets with water. This could potentially take days depending on how holey the wood is .
I have kept many large pieces soaking in a pond for weeks chiefly because it is easy to leave them there that long and very improbable any leech can survive that time .
preparing outdoors wood bearded dragonsSoaking wood from outdoors to kill parasites.

2. How to Disinfect Wood for Reptiles

Disinfecting wood and rocks is the same as soaking in water entirely this time add a disinfectant. hera is how to disinfect wood for reptiles .
1. Using a container, or bathtub for big items, add sufficient body of water to cover the wood, branches or rocks
2. Add the recommend acid of disinfectant.
3. Submerge the wood or rocks ensuring no pockets of air are left for parasites and pathogens to survive the treatment .
A veterinary grade disinfectant such as F10 is best. Leave the disinfectant in touch with the surface for as per the instructions, probable to be at least 15 minutes. Rinse off thoroughly and dry in the sunday for supernumerary auspices. See the post on cleaning your beard dragons cooler for more on UV and drying in the sun. Keep in judgment that any porous surfaces may require extra treatment and the sun can only be effective if the sunlight can touch the surface directly .
Bleach is another bactericidal which is useful on a crop of viruses and bacteria. however, bleaching agent is quite toxic and must be washed off thoroughly with any remainder removed. The sun can deactivate bleach so again it will be utilitarian to dry in the sun .

3. Temperature to Bake Wood to Kill Parasites and Pathogens

Putting rocks and wood in the oven is a fast and effective method of treating parasites and pathogens .
The AVMA ( 2009 ) recommends heating branches between 200-250ºC ( 392-482°F ) for at least half an hour .
The thickness of the branches will determine how long they should be heated for. Wood is a great insulator therefore midst wood may require 3 or 4 hours of heating to get past any protective isolate layers that parasites may be hiding in.

  • The temperature to bake wood and rocks to kill mites is 55ºC (131°F) (Klingenberg, 2007).
  • The temperature to bake wood to kill Salmonella spp (in dry heat) is 160-170°C (320-338°F) for at least 1 hour (The Center for Food Security and Public Health, 2013).

Keep in mind that decayed wood ignites at 150ºC and assorted woods ignite between 190º-260ºC ( 374-500°F ) ( Cafe, 2007 ) .
Monitor the objects in the oven to ensure everything is dependable. once you have turned the oven off, leave the objects in there to cool down, calm keeping an eye on them. If they must be removed prior to the oven cooling down then clearly they need to be out of rate of children, pets and anything else that could be injured or catch fire .

4. Treatment by Freezing

Another method acting of killing parasites and some pathogens is by freezing them. If your deep-freeze is large enough then place the wood or rocks in there for a few days and allow the freeze temperature to penetrate the entire object. Soaking woodwind before freeze may add to its potency .

Which Method Is Best to Clean Wood for Bearded Dragons?

Some of the treatments discussed above will sterilize forest and rocks, however sterilizing is not necessary. Sterilizing means to kill all life. Since we aren ’ t intending to do any operation with the branches, disinfecting is sufficient and will typically be absolutely adequate. For more information on the definitions for clean terms, see the post making a ace clean and jerk bearded dragon theater .
Parasites can broadly be treated by baking in the oven, submerging in water, freezing or using chemicals .
Pathogens will broadly be treated by baking, disinfectant chemicals and for some, freeze may be desirable .

How to Clean Wood for Mites

Mites area easy to kill with hot water. Mites will die when subjected to heating system of 55ºC ( 131°F ) ( Klingenberg, 2007 ). Your hot water exploit is probable more than this unless you have toddler proofed it .
Mites can besides be well killed by baking contaminated objects in the oven at 55ºC ( 131°F ) ( Klingenberg, 2007 ) .

How to Clean Wood for Salmonella for Bearded Dragons

To clean wood for bearded dragons for salmonella function the oven method .
To kill salmonella bake the wood in the oven for an hour at 160-170°C ( 320-338°F ) ( The Center for Food Security and Public Health, 2013 ). salmonella can besides be killed by exposing it to 15 minutes of damp hotness at 121ºC for at least 15 minutes ( The Center for Food Security and Public Health, 2013 ). The boiling point of water is 100ºC ( 212°f ) .
Soaking wood and rocks in water is not a desirable treatment for Salmonella spp. salmonella can survive many days of soaking. When trapped with reptile feces salmonella has been found to survive at least 115 days in pond water system and 89 days in pat urine half a year after removing from the reptile ( The Center for Food Security and Public Health, 2013 ).

How to Disinfect Wood for Coccidia

Treating coccidia is unmanageable but possible. For more information see the post on effectively cleaning for coccidia .
In short circuit, use heat. steamer clean is a good choice and bake in the oven will besides kill coccidia. Coccidia can survive freeze temperatures using the freeze method will not work .

Can I use wood from outdoors for my bearded dragon?

Yes branches and wood from outdoors in your bearded dragons tank will provide natural enrichment. Branches are besides super utilitarian for :
1. Scratching antsy shedding bodies on,
2. Climbing up to bask or hide on,
3. Rub and clean those aphrodisiac femoral pores on, and
4. Helps to keep little claws a little more shipshape .

References and further reading

  • AVMA (2009) Salmonella: Amphibians and Reptiles American Veterinary Medical Association (Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians)
  • Cafe, T. (2007) Physical Constants for Investigators. T.C. Forensic Pty Ltd Forensic and Scientific Services. Data reproduced from “Firepoint” magazine – Journal of Australian Fire Investigators.
  • Klingenberg, R. J. DVM, (2007) Understanding Reptile Parasites. The Herpetocultural Library. California
  • The Center for Food Security and Public Health. (2013) Reptile Associated Salmonellosis. Institute for International Cooperation in Animal Biologics. Iowa State University. College of Veterinary Medicine.