The last Carolina Parakeet

The Carolina Parakeet ( Conuropsis carolinensis ) was the only parrot species native to the eastern United States. It was found from southern New York and Wisconsin to the Gulf of Mexico, and lived in honest-to-god forests along rivers. It is the only species classified in the genus Conuropsis. It was called puzzi louisiana née ( “ head of jaundiced ” ) or batch pot chee by the Seminole and kelinky in Chickasaw .
The last know wild specimen was killed in Okeechobee County, Florida, in 1904, and the last captive bird died at the Cincinnati Zoo on February 21, 1918. This was the male specimen, called “ Incas ”, who died within a year of his checkmate, “ lady Jane ”. Coincidentally, Incas died in the same aviary cage in which the last Passenger Pigeon, “ Martha ”, had died about four years early. It was not until 1939, however, that it was determined that the Carolina Parakeet had become extinct. Some theorists at this time, though, believed a few may have been smuggled out of the nation in mid twentieth century and may have repopulated elsewhere, although the odds of this are extremely low .
At some date between 1937 and 1955, three parakeets resembling this species were sighted and filmed in the Okefenokee Swamp of Georgia. however, the american Ornithologists ‘ Union analyzed the film and concluded that they had probably filmed feral parakeets. extra reports of the bird were made in Okeechobee County, Florida, until the deep 1920s, but these are not supported by specimens .
The Carolina Parakeet is believed to have died out because of a issue of different threats. To make space for more agrarian bring, bombastic areas of forest were cut down, taking away its habitat. The boo ‘s colorful feathers ( green body, scandalmongering head, and crimson around the charge ) were in demand as decorations in ladies ‘ hats. The birds were besides kept as pets and could be bred well in enslavement. however, fiddling was done by owners to increase the population of tame birds. ultimately, they were killed in big numbers because farmers considered them a plague, although many farmers valued them for controlling encroaching cockleburs. It has besides been hypothesized that the introduce honeybee helped contribute to its extinction by taking many of the bird ‘s nest sites.

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A factor that contributed to their extinction was the unfortunate cluster demeanor that led them to return immediately to a localization where some of the birds had just been killed. This led to even more being shot by hunters as they gathered about the hurt and dead members of the troop .
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This combination of factors extirpated the species from most of its stove until the early years of the twentieth hundred. however, the last populations were not much hunted for food or feathers, nor did the farmers in rural Florida consider them a pest, as the benefit of the birds ‘ love of cockleburs clearly outweighed the minor damage they did to the minor garden plots. The concluding extinction of the species is slightly of a mystery, but the most likely induce seems to be that the birds succumbed to poultry disease, as suggested by the rapid fade of the last, belittled, but obviously healthy and reproducing flocks of these highly social birds. If this is true, the very fact that the Carolina Parakeet was finally tolerated to roam in the vicinity of human settlements proved its untying. The fact remains, however, that persecution importantly reduced the dame ‘s population over many decades.

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Category : BIRDS