Learn About The Pug Dog Breed From A Trusted Veterinarian

The Pug – What a Pup!

If you ‘re looking for a great assortment of feisty, cute, and pathetic, a Pug might be fair the right addition to your family. Pugs are well-loved because of certain characteristics :

  • Outgoing, playful personality
  • Needs minimal exercise
  • Vigilant watchdog with a ready bark
  • Even-tempered, affectionate, and happy-go-lucky
  • Good with children and other pets
  • Small, but sturdy

Avoid Pug problems by understanding that they can :

  • Be independent and strong-willed
  • Prone to quite a few health problems
  • Noisy, with a lot of snorting, snuffling, and wheezing; may snore
  • Be difficult to housetrain
  • An indoor dog that doesn’t do well in the heat
  • Prone to boredom and separation anxiety when left alone and will find trouble

Pug Dog Breed Info Pugs are elated pals and make big travel companions—who could leave those big embrown eyes at home ?
Pugs were beginning bred in China centuries ago. They were treasured pets kept by royalty ; it was park for a Pug to have her own guard, palace, and even a personal chef ! many Pug owners agree that their ancestry is potent in that they still behave like royalty ! Pugs were first gear acknowledged by the AKC in 1885 and were promptly welcomed into american homes. The Pug ’ sulfur mince exercise requirements make her a capital apartment positron emission tomography. Pugs are a by and large goodly breed with an average life of 13-15 years.

Your Pug’s Health

We know that because you care so much about your dog, you want to take good care of her. That is why we have summarized the health concerns we will be discussing with you over the life of your Pug. By knowing about health concerns specific to Pugs, the doctors and team of indian Trail Animal Hospital can tailor a hindrance health plan to watch for and hopefully prevent some predictable risks .
many diseases and health conditions are genic, mean they are related to your pet ’ sulfur breed. There is a general consensus among canine familial researchers and veterinary practitioners that the conditions we ’ ve described herein have a meaning rate of incidence and/or shock in this breed. That does not mean your dog will have these problems ; it just means that she is more at risk than early dogs. We will describe the most common issues seen in Pugs to give you an theme of what may come up in her future. Of course, we can ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate breed every possibility here, so constantly check with us if you notice any unusual signs or symptoms .
This lead contains cosmopolitan health information important to all canines arsenic well as the most important genic predispositions for Pugs. This information helps you and us together plan for your pet ’ south singular medical needs. At the end of the article, we have besides included a description of what you can do at home to keep your Pug looking and feeling her best. You will know what to watch for, and we will all feel good knowing that we ’ rhenium taking the best possible manage of your buddy .

General Health Information for your Pug

Dental Disease

alveolar consonant disease is the most coarse chronic problem in pets, affecting 80 % of all dogs by age two. unfortunately, your Pug is more probably than early dogs to have problems with her teeth. alveolar consonant disease starts with dragon build-up on the tooth and progresses to contagion of the gums and roots of the tooth. If we don ’ triiodothyronine prevent or regale alveolar consonant disease, your buddy may lose her teeth and be in danger of damage to her kidneys, liver, heart, and joints. In fact, your Pug ‘s life bridge may flush be cut short-circuit by one to three years ! We ’ ll clean your dog ’ mho teeth regularly and let you know what you can do at dwelling to keep those pearly whites clean .

Pug Dog Breed Info Infections

Pugs are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections — the same ones that all dogs can get — such as parvovirus, rabies, and ill humor. many of these infections are preventable through vaccination, which we will recommend based on her historic period, the diseases we see in our area, and other factors .


fleshiness can be a significant health problem in Pugs. It is a serious disease that may cause or worsen joint problems, metabolic and digestive disorders, back annoyance, and heart disease. Though it ’ south tempting to give your buddy food when she looks at you with those soulful eyes, you can “ love her to death ” with leftover people food and pooch treats. rather, give her a embrace, brush her fur or tooth, play a game with her, or possibly take her for a walk. She ’ ll palpate better, and then will you !


All kinds of worms and bugs can invade your Pug ‘s body, inside and out. Everything from fleas and ticks to ear mites can infest her skin and ears. Hookworms, roundworms, heartworms, and whipworms can get into her system in a number of ways : drinking unclean water, walking on contaminated soil, or being bitten by an infect mosquito. Some of these parasites can be transmitted to you or a class extremity and are a dangerous business for everyone. For your canine friend, these parasites can cause pain, discomfort, and tied death, so it ’ south authoritative that we test for them on a regular basis. We ’ ll besides recommend hindrance medicine as necessary to keep her healthy .

Spay or Neuter

One of the best things you can do for your Pug is to have her spayed ( neutered for males ). In females, this means we surgically remove the ovaries and normally the uterus, and in males, it means we surgically remove the testicles. Spaying or neutering decreases the likelihood of certain types of cancers and eliminates the possibility of your pet becoming meaning or fathering undesirable puppies. Performing this surgery besides gives us a casual, while your favored is under anesthesia, to identify and address some of the diseases your frank is likely to develop. For example, if your positron emission tomography needs hip X-rays or a puppy tooth extracted, this would be a good time—it ’ s more commodious for you and easier on your friend excessively. everyday blood testing prior to surgery besides helps us to identify and take precautions against park problems that increase anaesthetic or surgical risk. Don ’ thyroxine worry ; we ’ ll discus the specific problems we will be looking for when the prison term arrives .

Genetic Predispositions for Pugs

Liver Problems

Your Pug is more likely than early dogs to have a liver disorder called portosystemic shunt ( PSS ). Some of the blood supply that should go to the liver goes around it alternatively, depriving the liver of the blood stream it needs to grow and function properly. If your friend has PSS, his liver can not remove toxins from his bloodstream efficaciously. To check for this problem, we ’ ll conduct a liver function test in addition to a standard pre-anesthetic dialog box every time he undergoes anesthesia. If he develops symptoms such as scrawny increase or seizures, we ’ ll test his blood and possibly conduct an ultrasound scan of his liver-colored. surgery may be needed, but in some cases, we can treat with a especial diet and medicine .

Eye Problems

not many things have vitamin a dramatic an impact on your pawl ‘s quality of liveliness as the proper function of his eyes. unfortunately, Pugs can inherit or develop a number of different eye conditions, some of which may cause blindness if not treated right away, and most of which can be extremely atrocious ! We will evaluate his eyes at every examen to look for any signs for business .

  • Because your Pug has eyeballs that naturally protrude, he is more vulnerable to eye injuries. Scrapes or punctures to the cornea (the protective covering on the eyeball) are the most common injuries. Don’t let your pet ride in the car with his head out the window as this is a frequent cause of eye injuries. Not only do eye injuries hurt, they can become infected and affect his vision. Call us at (704) 247-7192 right away if your pet has any problems with his eyes. A damaged cornea is painful and should be treated immediately. Medication and sometimes surgery may be required.
  • Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid rolls inward, causing the eyelashes to rub against the cornea (the surface of the eyeball). This is an extremely irritating and painful condition that can ultimately lead to blindness. Entropion can occur in any dog breed, however, your Pug is especially at risk for this heritable disorder. Surgical correction is usually successful if performed early.
  • Dry eye, also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca or KCS, is common in Pugs. KCS reduces the amount of fluid produced by the tear glands such that they are no longer able to keep the eyes moist. This results in sore, itchy eyes and infections. Symptoms of KCS include a dull, dry appearance or thick discharge from the eyes, squinting, and pawing at the eyes. KCS is a painful condition; please call us immediately if you notice any of these signs, and we’ll conduct a tear test on your pet. If he has this disease, we’ll prescribe ointment that you’ll need to apply for the rest of your dog’s life.

Pug Dog Breed InfoDiabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a fairly common disease in dogs. Any breed can be affected, but Pugs have an above average incidence. Dogs with diabetes are unable to regulate the metamorphosis of sugars in their bodies and require casual insulin injections. Diabetes is a good condition and one that is important to diagnose and treat deoxyadenosine monophosphate early on as possible. Symptoms include increased corrode, drink in, and micturition, along with slant personnel casualty. If he shows signs, we will conduct lab tests to determine if he has this discipline and discuss treatment options with you. Treatment requires a good commitment of meter and resources. Well-regulated diabetic dogs nowadays have the lapp life anticipation as other canines .


In humans, allergies to pollen, mold, or dust make people sneeze. In dogs, quite than sneezing, allergies make their skin itchy. We call this clamber allergy “ immediate allergy ”, and Pugs much have it. The feet, belly, folds of the skin, and ears are most normally affected. Symptoms typically start between the ages of one and three and can get worse every year. Licking the paw, rubbing the face, and frequent auricle infections are the most common signs of allergies. The adept news is that there are many treatment options available for these conditions.


Demodex is a microscopic mite that lives in the hair follicles of all dogs. normally a dog ’ south immune system keeps the mites in crack, but some breeds, like your Pug, may develop an overabundance of these mites. In mild cases, pet owners may notice a few dry, annoy, hairless lesions. These often occur on the confront or feet and may or may not be antsy. secondary skin infections may besides occur. Prompt veterinarian care is authoritative to keep the disease from getting out of hand. many pets seem to outgrow the trouble, while others require lifelong management .

Skin Infections

Your Pug is prone to a shape of skin infection called lip-fold pyoderma, which occurs because the folds of skin along the lower chew the fat are normally damp. Bacteria and yeast can readily thrive here and cause a crimson, fetid area that is uncomfortable for your andiron. We will examine him for this trouble frequently ( let us know if you see signs a well ), and we ’ ll recommend treatment with antibiotics as necessary. When symptoms are hard, the excess skin folds can besides be surgically removed .

Pug Dog Breed Info Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis (GME)

GME is an acute accent, progressive incendiary disease that affects the cardinal nervous organization. It can cause austere and frequently irreversible damage to the brain. middle-aged, modest breed dogs such as Pugs are more susceptible than other breeds. The cause of GME is unknown, but three distinct syndromes of GME have been recognized. Symptoms may be acute accent, leading quickly to end ; they may progress chronically over several months ; or occasionally, only the eyes are moved. Treatment includes corticosteroids, but the response to therapy is variable and the prognosis is by and large poor .

Bone and Joint Problems

A number of different musculoskeletal problems have been reported in Pugs. While it may seem consuming, each discipline can be diagnosed and treated to prevent undue trouble and distress. With diligent notice at home and cognition about the diseases that may affect your friend ‘s bones, joints, or muscles, you will be able to take great care of him throughout his liveliness .

  • Both hips and elbows are at risk for dysplasia, an inherited disease that causes the joints to develop improperly and results in arthritis. Stiffness in your Pug’s elbows or hips may become a problem for him, especially as he matures. You may notice that he begins to show lameness in his legs or has difficulty getting up from lying down. We can treat the arthritis—the sooner the better—to minimize discomfort and pain. We’ll take X-rays of your dog’s bones to identify issues as early as possible. Surgery is also sometimes a good option in severe and life-limiting cases. And keep in mind that overweight dogs may develop arthritis years earlier than those of normal weight, causing undue pain and suffering!
  • Young Pugs may be prone to a painful degenerative hip condition called Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. The exact cause of this condition is still not completely understood, but it is thought to be caused by a reduced blood supply to the hip, which causes the femoral head (the top of the thigh bone) to become brittle and fracture easily. Usually occurring between six and nine months of age, LCP causes pain and lameness in one or both rear legs, and often requires surgery.
  • Sometimes your Pug’s kneecap (patella) may slip out of place. This is called patellar luxation. You might notice that your pet, while running, suddenly picks up a back leg or skips and hops for a few strides. He might then kick his leg out sideways to pop the kneecap back in place. These are common signs of patellar luxation. If the problem is mild and involves only one leg, your friend may not require much treatment beyond arthritis medication. When symptoms are severe, surgery may be needed to realign the kneecap to keep it from luxating further.

Spinal Deformities

Pugs are more likely than other canines to be born with spinal deformities, a condition called hemivertebrae, which may lead to spinal anesthesia cord damage, instability, or disability. We ’ ll take X-rays when your favored is young to ensure that we identify problems early as symptoms can worsen with age, weight, and sometimes action. During his life, if he develops back problems, we ’ ll convention out any other causes, such as a slip spinal anesthesia phonograph record or arthritis. If a disfigurement is diagnosed, we ’ ll order medication, acupuncture, or rehabilitation as needed .

Mast Cell Tumor

Mast cell tumors are a particularly nasty type of skin cancer found more often in Pugs than other breeds. The preferably these tumors are surgically removed, the better. unfortunately, mast cellular telephone tumors often look identical exchangeable to early kinds of skin lumps and lesions, many of which are not harmful. consequently, all fishy lumps should be tested and surgically removed arsenic soon as possible. many cancers are cured by surgical removal, thus early signal detection is critical .

Degenerative Myelopathy

Degenerative myelopathy is a neurological condition, similar to ALS or Lou Gehrig ‘s disease in people, that causes weakness and poor boldness function in the hind peg. It affects Pugs more frequently than other breeds. If your dog has this disease, he will become increasingly watery and disabled in the hind leg, finally suffering from paralysis in his hindquarters, which besides leads to incontinence. Rehabilitation, drill, acupuncture, and dietary supplements can be helpful, but there is no cure for degenerative myelopathy. A genetic examination is available to determine whether your andiron is at hazard for this inheritable disease .

Bladder or Kidney Stones

There are a few different types of stones that can form in the kidney or in the bladder, and Pugs are more probably to develop them than early breeds. We ’ ll sporadically test his urine for revealing signs indicating the presence of kidney and bladder stones, which in addition are very painful ! If your buddy has blood in his urine, can ’ t urinate, or is straining to urinate, it is a checkup emergency. Call us immediately !

Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Respiratory distress syndrome, besides known as brachycephalic syndrome, affects dogs with a short nose, like your Pug. pug-nosed dogs have the same amount of weave in their noses and throats as longer-nosed dogs, but with less area to contain it. As a consequence, the soft palate at the back of the roof of the mouthpiece is besides long and may hang down into the airline. These dogs ’ nostrils are much excessively small, and sometimes the trachea, or trachea, is specialize and undersize arsenic well. All of these differences can lead to a narrow-minded and obstruct air passage such that many of these dogs can scantily breathe ! Watch for drill intolerance, loudly rest, coughing, blue gums, or faint. With his short nose, your darling is besides more probable to develop other problems, such as flatulence from excessive air out inhalation, pneumonia from aspirating food, and estrus stroke. In hard cases, surgical correction may be recommended to alleviate airway obstruction .

Taking Care of Your Pug at Home

Pug Dog Breed Info Much of what you can do to keep your dog happy and healthy is common sense, barely like it is for people. Watch her diet, make certain she gets batch of exercise, regularly brush her teeth and coat, and call us or a favored hand brake hospital when something seems unusual ( see “ What to Watch For ” below ). Be certain to adhere to the schedule of examinations and vaccinations that we recommend for her. This is when we ’ ll give her the necessary “ check-ups ” and test for diseases and conditions that are common in Pugs. Another identical important gradation in caring for your positron emission tomography is signing up for favored health policy. There will surely be medical tests and procedures she will need throughout her life and positron emission tomography health indemnity will help you cover those costs .

Routine Care, Diet, and Exercise

Build her routine caution into your schedule to help your Pug survive farseeing, stay healthier, and be happier during her life. We can not overemphasize the importance of a proper diet and practice everyday.

  • Supervise your pet as you would a toddler. Keep doors closed, pick up after yourself, and block off rooms as necessary. This will keep her out of trouble and away from objects she shouldn’t put in her mouth.
  • She has low grooming needs. Brush her coat as needed, at least weekly.
  • Pugs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!
  • Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—we’ll show you how!
  • Her deep wrinkles need to be cleaned and dried often to prevent infections.
  • She is well suited for apartment living; she will need a daily walk and regular inside play.
  • She is sensitive to temperature extremes; avoid any prolonged exposure and be very alert to the signs of heat stress.
  • Keep your dog’s diet consistent and don’t give her people food.
  • Feed a high-quality diet appropriate for her age.
  • Exercise your dog regularly, but don’t overdo it at first.

What to Watch For

Any abnormal symptom could be a sign of good disease or it could just be a minor or irregular problem. The crucial thing is to be able to tell when to seek veterinarian help and how urgently. many diseases cause dogs to have a characteristic combination of symptoms, which together can be a clear signal that your Pug needs avail .

Office Calls

Give us a call for an appointment if you notice any of these types of signs :

  • Change in appetite or water consumption
  • Tartar build-up, bad breath, red gums, or broken teeth
  • Itchy skin (scratching, chewing, or licking); hair loss
  • Lethargy, mental dullness, or excessive sleeping
  • Fearfulness, aggression, or other behavioral changes
  • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws
  • Lumps or bumps – regardless of size
  • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss
  • Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizes after eating


Seek aesculapian care immediately if you notice any of these types of signs :

  • Scratching or shaking the head, tender ears, or ear discharge
  • Inability or straining to urinate; discolored urine
  • Cloudiness, redness, itching, or any other abnormality involving the eyes
  • Dragging the hind toes and hind limb weakness
  • Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise
  • Leg stiffness; reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, or jump; “bunny hopping”
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Category : Dogs and Cats