Xoloitzcuintlis: 10 Fun Facts About These Ancient Mexican Hairless Dogs

  • Xoloitzcuintlis have been around for 3,000 years, dating back to Aztec times in ancient Mexico.
  • The name comes from Xolo (the Aztec god of fire) and itzcuintli, the Aztec word for “dog.”
  • The typically hairless Xolo is a good choice for allergy sufferers, but they are prone to skin issues.

even if you haven ’ t listen of the Xolo ( pronounce “ show-low ” ), you ’ ve likely seen one of these unusual dogs at some target. The Aztecs considered the Xolo sacred, and invested them with mystic healing abilities. The breed ’ s full name, Xoloitzcuintli, derives from Xolo, the name of the Aztec god of fire and lightning, and itzcuintli, the Aztec discussion for cad. If that ’ s excessively a lot to remember, they are besides referred to as “ Mexican hairless dogs. ”
here ’ second everything else you need to know about Mexico ’ s national frank, the Xoloitzcuintli :

1. The oldest dogs in the Americas, Xolos have been around for millennia.

Xolos have been around for at least 3,000 years. archaeological evidence suggests they accompanied the first humans to cross the Bering Strait, then lived in the jungles of Mexico, where they were prized by ancient cultures. Later, european colonizers, including Christopher Columbus, wrote about them in their journals, describing them as “ strange, hairless dogs. ”

2. Toy, Miniature, and Standard are the three distinct Xolo size varieties.

The Standard Xolo can measure up to two feet tall at the shoulder, while the miniature is typically between a foot and a foot-and-a-half, and the toy is around a foot or less. With such variation, the Xolo is a versatile breed.

images of puppies

3. Though typically hairless, the Xolo also comes in a coated variety.

While excellently free of hair, there are actually two varieties of Xolo : hairless and coated. The hairless variety has a tough hide that protects the pawl well from scrapes and scratches and may have a few coarse hairs on the head, tail, and feet. conversely, the coated Xolo has a very short, satiny coating all over the consistency .

4. These dogs require a serious skincare routine.

Since their bark produces protective oils, Xolos can get acne, specially in their beginning year of biography. Skincare advice varies, but a good rule of ovolo is to keep the Xolo clean by wiping them down with a damp fabric to remove abruptly skin cells and bathing — though bathing excessively frequently will strip the natural oils and could end up clogging the pores more. Using a unaccented moisturizer after bathing aid, and since they ’ re hairless, Xolos should wear sunscreen during drawn-out periods in the sun .

5. They’ll do fine with moderate amounts of exercise.

All dogs need use, and Xolo puppies specially should get lots of playtime and at least one long walk every day, to keep any destructive behaviors in determine. In particular, the Xolo has a strong prey force, which can be tempered by sufficient exercise. That being said, Xolos don ’ t need to run for miles every day like some more active agent breeds .

6. A small apartment is plenty big enough for a Xolo.

The Xolo loves a good walk, but doesn’t necessarily need a yard to run around. When they’re at home, they’re known for their calm and tranquility.

7. While suitable as watchdogs, Xolos do not make good guard dogs.

The Aztecs believed the Xolo could protect a house from evil spirits a well as homo intruders. These dogs will speak up and let you know if anyone comes to the theater — but since they can be reserved with strangers, don ’ triiodothyronine expect them to frighten off any intruders .

8. Known for their loyalty, Xolos thrive best as pack animals.

Xolos will much adhere with one member of the family in particular, but everyone in the syndicate will feel their warmth — including early dogs, who they like to have around. They might be a little more reserved with strangers, but not typically aggressive.

Xoloitzcuintli standing sideways facing left outdoors on a dirt path with green grass and trees in the background

9. People with dog allergies often have no issues with a Xolo.

Though Xolos still have some common irritants — namely saliva, skin, and some hair — many people who suffer from cad allergies find that they don ’ t have a problem with Xolos. however, this is far from universal, and allergy sufferers interested in Xolos should spend some time with one before commit, to see how they may react .

10. The Xoloitzcuintli is typically a robust, healthy breed.

Thanks in part to their hardy origins in ancient jungles, Xolos are an overall healthy breed. The Xolo Club of America does recommend hip, ophthalmologist, cardiac, and patella ( kneecap ) tests, and reputable breeders should be able to show proof of such tests for your puppy ’ mho parents. But for the most function, a Xolo that receives good food and drill should have minimal health problems .

Xolo Products You May Like:

Xolo Tote Bag
You can ’ thymine take your Xolo everywhere, but you can have a ceaseless admonisher with this 100 % cotton carryall, adorned with your darling non-sporting breed .

Xolo Phone Case
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