Learn About The American Pitbull Terrier Dog Breed From A Trusted Veterinarian

The Truth about the Pitbull Terrier

You might think you know everything about the Pitbull ( or even Pibble ! ), for better or for worse. But let ‘s in truth explore some of this frank ‘s special traits :

  • An affectionate companion and family dog
  • Lively, with a friendly personality
  • People-oriented and eager to please
  • Intelligent, friendly, and easily won over
  • Compact – does well in small living quarters
  • Has a short, easy-to-care-for coat

You should decidedly consider these features before welcoming a Pitbull whelp into your home :

  • Needs regular exercise and diet regulation to avoid weight gain
  • Early obedience training and socialization is recommended
  • Overprotective of family and territory if not socialized properly
  • Aggressive toward other animals
  • May need supervision around children
  • Sees cats and small animals as prey unless trained otherwise

American Pitbull Terrier Dog Breed Info She is friendly and can adapt to about any exist position, adenine long as she is well socialized and gets daily exert and care .
The american Pit Bull Terrier was brought to the United States by immigrants from England, Ireland, and Scotland during the nineteenth century. In America, selective education increased their weight and enlarged their yack, giving them a more powerful-looking point. primitively bred for bull baiting and as a grow chase, the APBT has become a democratic companion. The Pit Bull is a generally healthy breed with an average life of 12-14 years. They can suffer from some common conditions like hip dysplasia and allergies. early diagnosis is the key to a long and glad animation so be certain to schedule routine checkup.

Your American Pit Bull Terrier’s Health

We know that because you care so much about your pawl, you want to take good care of her. That is why we have summarized the health concerns we will be discussing with you over the life sentence of your Pit Bull. By knowing about health concerns particular to american Pit Bull Terriers, we can tailor a contraceptive health plan to watch for and hopefully prevent some predictable risks .
many diseases and health conditions are genetic, entail they are related to your pet ’ randomness breed. There is a general consensus among canine genetic researchers and veterinary practitioners that the conditions described herein have a significant rate of incidence and/or impingement in this breed. That does not mean your dog will have these problems ; it equitable means that she is more at risk than other dogs. Your Advanced Animal Care medical team will describe the most common issues seen in american Pit Bull Terriers to give you an idea of what may come up in her future. Of course, we can ’ thyroxine cover every possibility here, so constantly check with us if you notice any strange signs or symptoms .
This usher contains general health information important to all canines vitamin a well as the most authoritative genetic predispositions for american Pit Bull Terriers. This data helps you and us together plan for your pet ’ randomness unique medical needs. At the conclusion of the article, we have besides included a description of what you can do at home to keep your Pit looking and feeling her best. You will know what to watch for, and we will all feel good knowing that we ’ ra taking the best possible caution of your pal .

General Health Information for your American Pit Bull Terrier

American Pitbull Terrier Dog Breed InfoDental Disease

alveolar consonant disease is the most common chronic problem in pets, affecting 80 % of all dogs by age two. And unfortunately, your american english Pit Bull Terrier is more likely than other dogs to have problems with her teeth. It starts with dragon build-up on the dentition and progresses to infection of the gums and roots of the tooth. If we don ’ metric ton prevent or treat dental disease, your buddy will lose her teeth and be in danger of damaging her kidneys, liver, center, and joints. In fact, your american Pit Bull Terrier ‘s life may be cut short by one to three years ! We ’ ll clean your frank ’ south teeth regularly and let you know what you can do at home to keep those pearly whites clean .


American Pit Bull Terriers are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections — the like ones that all dogs can get — such as parvovirus, rabies, and distemper. many of these infections are preventable through vaccination, which we will recommend based on the diseases we see in our area, her old age, and other factors .


fleshiness can be a significant health problem in American Pit Bull Terriers. It is a serious disease that may cause or worsen joint problems, metabolic and digestive disorders, back pain and heart disease. Though it ’ sulfur tempting to give your pal food when she looks at you with those soulful eyes, you can “ love her to death ” with leftover people food and pooch treats. rather, give her a embrace, brush her fur or tooth, play a game with her, or possibly take her for a walk of life. She ’ ll feel better, and so will you !


All kinds of worms and bugs can invade your Pit ‘s body, inside and out. Everything from fleas and ticks to ear mites can infest her skin and ears. Hookworms, roundworms, heartworms, and whipworms can get into her system in a count of ways : drink dirty water, walking on contaminated dirt, or being bitten by an infect mosquito. Some of these parasites can be transmitted to you or a family penis and are a good concern for everyone. For your canine ally, these parasites can cause pain, discomfort, and even death, so it ’ second authoritative that we test for them on a even basis. We ’ ll besides recommend hindrance medication as necessary to keep her healthy .

Spay or Neuter

One of the best things you can do for your Pit Bull is to have her spayed ( neutered for males ). In females, this means we surgically remove the ovaries and normally the uterus, and in males, it means we surgically remove the testicles. Spaying or neutering decreases the likelihood of certain types of cancers and eliminates the possibility of your pet becoming pregnant or fathering undesirable puppies. Performing this operation besides gives us a chance, while your pet is under anesthesia, to identify and address some of the diseases your dog is probably to develop. For exercise, if your positron emission tomography needs hip X-rays or a puppy tooth extracted, this would be a good time. This is convenient for you and easy for your supporter. act blood testing anterior to operating room besides helps us to identify and take precautions for common problems that increase anaesthetic or surgical risk. Don ’ thyroxine concern ; we ’ ll discus the specific problems we will be looking for when the time arrives .

Genetic Predispositions for American Pit Bull Terriers

American Pitbull Terrier Dog Breed InfoHip Dysplasia

You ’ ve probably hear of hep dysplasia, an familial disease that causes the pelvis joints to form improperly and leads to arthritis : it is common in american Pit Bull Terriers. You may notice that he has lameness in his back leg or has difficulty getting up from lying down. We can treat the arthritis — the sooner the better — to avoid discomfort and pain. We ’ ll take X-rays of your dog ’ south joints to identify the disease equally early as possible. surgery is sometimes considered in hard and life-limiting cases of hip dysplasia. Keep in mind that overweight dogs may develop arthritis years earlier than those of normal burden, causing undue pain and suffer .

Knee Problems

sometimes your Pitbull ‘s kneecap ( patella ) may slip out of place ( called patellar luxation ). You might notice that he runs along and on the spur of the moment picks up a bet on peg and skips or hops for a few strides. then he kicks his leg out sideways to pop the patella back in place, and he ’ randomness fine again. If the problem is mild and involves only one leg, your ally may not require much discussion beyond arthritis medicine. When symptoms are hard, operation may be needed to realign the patella to keep it from popping out of place .

Thyroid Problems

Pit Bulls are prone to a common condition called hypothyroidism in which the body doesn ’ t make enough thyroid hormone. Signs can include dry skin and coat, hair’s-breadth loss, susceptibility to other skin diseases, weight amplification, fear, aggression, or early behavioral changes. We ’ ll demeanor a blood screening test annually to screen for the disease. Treatment is normally simple : successor hormones given in the shape of a pill .


In humans, an allergy to pollen, mold, or debris makes people sneeze and their eyes urge. In dogs, rather than sneeze, allergies make their skin itchy. We call this bark allergy “ immediate allergy ”, and Pit Bulls often have it. normally, the feet, belly, folds of the clamber, and ears are most affect. Symptoms typically start between the ages of one and three and can get worse every year. Licking the paw, rubbing the face, and patronize ear infections are the most coarse signs. The good news program is that there are many discussion options available for this condition.


Demodex is a microscopic mite that lives in the hair follicles of dogs. All dogs have them. normally a frump ’ randomness immune system keeps the mites in check, but some breeds, like your Pit Bull, develop an overabundance of these mites. In meek cases, pet owners may notice a few dry, irritate, hairless lesions. These frequently occur on the face or feet and may or may not be itchy. secondary skin infections may occur. Prompt veterinary caution is important to keep the disease from getting out of bridge player. many pets seem to outgrow the problem, while others require lifelong management .

Skin Infections

Your Pitbull is prone to a form of peel infection called zinc-responsive dermatosis, in which he either international relations and security network ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate getting adequate zinc in his diet or doesn ’ thyroxine absorb it properly. Signs include loss, hairless, crusting, scaling, or oozing skin around the mouth, chin, eyes, and ears or lesions on the foot pads and nuzzle. If your andiron develops this disease, we ’ ll order a cautiously regulate amount of zinc in his diet .


Dry, flaky, antsy bark is a common trouble for many dogs, but Pits in particular are prone to a dangerous peel off peel condition called ichthyosis. Named for the large dry flakes that resemble fish scales, this problem normally arises very early on in life, with most affected puppies born with abnormal skin. several alleviative discussion options like special shampoo and pisces oils give variable star levels of relief, but there is no definitive bring around for this inherit disease. There is a genetic test available for many breeds that can determine whether he is clear, a carrier, or affected. This is authoritative data if you are planning to use your friend for breeding, as it is not recommended to breed dogs who are affected or carriers ; the goal is to prevent this debilitating disease in future generations .

Nerve Disease

neural Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, shortened to NCL, is a progressive neurological disease found in several breeds, including your american Pit Bull Terrier. clinical signs normally appear in younger dogs, between around one to three years of senesce. In the early stages, rear leg failing and asymmetry can occur. It can progress to failing involving all four legs, and some dogs besides lose vision. There is presently no effective discussion for this disease, but a genetic test is available. Dogs carrying the mutation should not be used for breeding, since it is promptly passed to future generations .

Balance Problems

The cerebellum is the separate of the brain that gives balance and coordination. cerebellar Abiotrophy is a familial neurological disease that affects certain breeds of dogs, including Pits. The problem starts in early puppyhood, with involve dogs normally beginning to show symptoms between 6 and 16 weeks of senesce. This condition causes affected dogs to lose the common sense of space and distance, and become uncoordinated. It is not a atrocious condition, but the accurate cause is not known, and there is no effective treatment. Dogs with this inheritable condition should not be used for breeding .

Bladder Stones

If your Pit Bull has an inherited discipline called Hyperuricosuria ( HU ), he will have more uric acerb in his urine. uric acid acts like fertilizer for bladder stones and sometimes kidney stone development. A deoxyribonucleic acid quiz is available to test for the specific mutant associated with the disease ; however, once stones are present they frequently must be removed surgically. By testing early, we can identify whether this is a health hazard for him, and start appropriate dietary therapy to prevent problems. Without a deoxyribonucleic acid test, we may recommend patronize urine analysis, x-ray or sonography to make surely he doesn ’ t have these atrocious stones .

Cleft Lip or Palate

American Pitbull Terrier Dog Breed Info Your Pit Bull is more likely than early breeds to be born with a cling lip or palate, which is an opening in the lip or the ceiling of the mouthpiece. Mild cases may not require any treatment, but more serious defects require surgical repair to prevent complications. We ‘ll check for this abnormality during his first puppy examination .


progressive Retinal Atrophy ( PRA ) is an inherit disease in which the eyes are genetically programmed to go blind. unfortunately, American Pit Bull Terriers are a bite more probably than early dogs to have this condition. PRA is not painful, but besides not curable. In dogs with the bad gene, early symptoms such as night blindness or dilated pupils by and large begin around three to five years of long time. A familial test is available for this condition .


Parvo is an infection caused by a virus, and it leads to deadly illness, particularly in younger puppies. Vomiting, bally diarrhea, fever and dehydration are some of the symptoms. Older dogs do n’t normally feel as disgusted, but bloody diarrhea and fever are common and affect dogs shed the virus in their stools for weeks afterwards. respective breeds, including your Pit Bull, do not develop good, firm unsusceptibility against parvovirus from inoculation ; they tend to have a weaker and later answer. Your friend should have an extra vaccine booster for Parvovirus about a calendar month after the completion of the regular puppy vaccine series. His parvovirus vaccine should besides be boostered annual .

Taking Care of Your American Pit Bull Terrier at Home

American Pitbull Terrier Dog Breed Info Much of what you can do to keep your chase felicitous and healthy is common common sense, fair like it is for people. Watch her diet, make sure she gets batch of practice, regularly brush her teeth and coat, and call us or a pet emergency hospital when something seems strange ( see “ What to Watch For ” below ). Be certain to adhere to the schedule of examinations and vaccinations that we recommend for her. This is when we ’ ll give her the necessary “ check-ups ” and test for diseases and conditions that are common in Pit Bulls. Another identical important tone in caring for your pet is signing up for pet health insurance. There will surely be checkup tests and procedures she will need throughout her life and pet health indemnity will help you cover those costs .

Routine Care, Diet, and Exercise

Build her everyday care into your schedule to help your Pit live long, stay healthier, and be happier during her life. We can not overemphasize the importance of a proper diet and practice everyday.

  • Supervise your pet as you would a toddler. Keep doors closed, pick up after yourself, and block off rooms as necessary. This will keep her out of trouble and away from objects she shouldn’t put in her mouth.
  • She has low grooming needs. Brush her coat as needed, at least weekly.
  • American Pit Bull Terriers generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!
  • Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—we’ll show you how!
  • She’s a smart dog with lots of energy, so keep her mind and body active, or she’ll get bored. That’s when the naughty stuff starts.
  • She is easy to train but early obedience and socialization are required to keep her from becoming overprotective and aggressive.
  • Keep your dog’s diet consistent and don’t give her people food.
  • Feed a high-quality diet appropriate for her age.
  • Exercise your dog regularly, but don’t overdo it at first.

What to Watch For

Any abnormal symptom could be a augury of good disease, or it could equitable be a minor or irregular trouble. The crucial thing is to be able to tell when to seek veterinary avail, and how urgently. many diseases cause dogs to have a characteristic combination of symptoms, which in concert can be a clear bespeak that your american english Pit Bull Terrier needs avail .

Office Calls

Give us a call for an date if you notice any of these types of signs :

  • Change in appetite or water consumption
  • Tartar build-up, bad breath, red gums, or broken teeth
  • Itchy skin (scratching, chewing or licking), hair loss
  • Lethargy, mental dullness, or excessive sleeping
  • Fearfulness, aggression, or other behavioral changes


Seek medical caution immediately if you notice any of these types of signs :

  • Scratching or shaking the head, tender ears, or ear discharge
  • Inability or straining to urinate; discolored urine
  • Cloudiness, redness, itching, or any other abnormality involving the eyes
  • Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or “bunny hopping”
  • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain
  • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws
  • Excessive incoordination, beyond normal puppy clumsiness
  • Vomiting and bloody, watery diarrhea
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Category : Dogs and Cats